The consequences of environmental crime and illegal trade are enormous and often irreversible. Environmental issues are at the forefront of the political agenda in many countries. These problems led to the mass extinction of animals on the planet. Wildlife poaching has also become more rampant and unpunished. As a result, thriving wildlife has now become endangered.
The extinction of animal species is a problem that is solved independently by each country, and collective efforts are also being made to advise countries with less resources to ensure the future of thousands of species. The most important worldwide is the World Wildlife Fund (WWF).
According to the World Wildlife Fund, over the past 40 years, the population of mammals, birds, fish, amphibians and reptiles has declined by almost 60 percent.
But despite the involvement of government agencies, animal rights foundations, and environmental groups, wildlife conservation authorities find it very difficult to control poaching because of their limited resources.
However, with the help of blockchain, the battle can still be won because revolutionary technology offers a practical and cheaper solution.
Blockchain will keep the animal population
Blockchain can be a powerful weapon to deal with environmental issues and poaching, which led to the extinction of many species of wild animals in the world.
Blockchain technology works well to create a common unique system with several parties. It helps build trust between participants. Due to the invariable, decentralized nature of the blockchain, parties can trust the information provided.
Blockchain can also help organizations track the location of animals, their number and state of health. This tracking also works to prevent poaching.
Using smart tools such as blockchain, governments and organizations can not only deal with environmental problems and species extinction, but also deal with other transnational threats, such as corruption and organized crime in the environment.
In addition, the use of blockchain technology to protect wildlife reduces dependence on local wildlife authorities, who often struggle with inadequate finances. This technology is easy to adapt and scalable, which is necessary in order to ultimately cover all types of wild animals in different regions of the world. The costs of connecting to the blockchain will be categorically less compared to the ineffective methods that are currently used.
The Newton Project is watching wildlife
The Newton project was launched in January 2018. Currently, the project is aimed at using blockchain technology to protect wildlife using specialized unmanned aerial vehicles.
With the help of drones and sensors, the Newton project plans to track endangered animals with greater efficiency and accuracy, as well as warn authorities about possible poaching.
“NewDrones” come with cameras and microphones that can help track and identify poachers. The NewDrone video will be uploaded to NewChain for further reporting of possible poaching.
Using NewAI technology will allow you to analyze and send suspicious data to local authorities.
The Newton project also uses NewSensor technology.
“Newton's NewSensor technology consists of small IoT devices for monitoring location, temperature, air quality, humidity, etc. We upload this data to NewChain, the Newton blockchain. Then inserting NewSensor under the skin of an endangered mammal, such as a rhino or elephant, we can track the location and basic behavior of this animal. Many animals are social and follow the leader, so instead of tagging everyone, we can simply choose a leader.” – Newton.
If Newton technology was successfully implemented, it could solve the problems of tracking and monitoring animals in the wild.
The introduction of a blockchain to combat the extinction of species around the world is perhaps the most effective method. And fortunately, there are already organizations and projects that have begun to study the huge potential of this technology.
Editor: Yuliya Soroka